Until the mid first century BC, Caesarea was a small Phoenician fishing village, named Migdal Straton. The great King Herod, who was known as a great constructor, built a port town on top of this village.
The town he has built was designed as a Roman town, and therefore was named “Caesarea” after his patron, the Roman Caesar Augustus. The port was constructed in a modern fashion, and was very innovative for its time. It became the biggest and the most important port in the Middle East.
Touring in Caesarea gives us an insight to a very rich Roman town which included:
A Roman theater, hippodrome for horse races, Roman baths, mosaic floors and remnants of palaces.
Pontius Pilate, who was the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judea, trailed Jesus Christ in Jerusalem. He had his palace in Caesarea; this demonstrates the importance of Caesarea to Christianity and should not be missed while visiting the Holy Land.